The Pope

Are Catholics crazy, teaching that the pope is infallible and treating him like he’s an Old Testament prophet or New Testament apostle? What is the Catholic teaching on the pope?

Well, is it crazy to think of the prophets and apostles as we do — as imperfect and sinful men through whom God communicated infallibly his Word? Is it crazy to believe that God could inspire sinful fallible men to write infallible scripture?

But the Church doesn’t teach that the pope is a modern-day prophet or apostle with the ability to write inspired Scripture. What the Church teaches is far more nuanced than that. It’s not that the pope is inspired as the prophets and apostles were. It’s not that everything a Pope thinks or says at all times is true or said in the best way. Popes are fallible men. But Jesus gave the keys to Peter and promised to build his Church on that rock, and based on this, what we believe as Catholics is that when the Pope in his role as shepherd of the universal Church intends to speak for all Christians, and from the chair of St Peter formally defines a matter of faith and morals, the Holy Spirit keeps him from error, and therefore from leading Christians worldview into error. This is what Catholics mean by infallibility.

Resources on the Papacy from the CHNetwork



Books Available from the CHNetwork

Saint Peter Lives in Rome

By Dr. Robert Stackpole

Dr. Robert Stackpole, STD, Director of the John Paul II Institute of Divine Mercy, explains the role of the papacy and its foundation in Scripture and Tradition. Dispelling the myths and misunderstandings of Catholics and non-Catholics alike, Dr. Stackpole explains why the Pope is Christ’s representative on earth.

Upon This Rock: St. Peter and the Primacy of Rome in Scripture and the Early Church

by Stephen Ray

This book, written by a former Evangelical Protestant, makes the biblical and historical case for papacy.  The author carefully moves through Scripture and the first five centuries of the Church to demonstrate that the early Christians had a clear understanding of the primacy of Peter in the see of Rome.

The Keys of the Kingdom

by Stanley Jaki

The hallowed phrase, “the keys of the kingdom,” presents a striking image. But what does it mean?  In this book, the author explores the biblical and historical meaning of “the keys” at a remarkable level of detail. The context around Jesus’ commission to Peter provides a nearly bullet-proof antidote to those Protestants who deny the Catholic claim (and who deny history) that Jesus was granting authority to Peter and his successors.

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There are many, many great resources out there for learning about the fathers of the Church. Here are some of our favorites.



The Shepherd and the Rock: Origins, Development and Mission of the Papacy

by J. Michael Miller

This book by the now Archbishop of Vancouver is maybe the best general overview of the Catholic teaching on the papacy from the scriptural, historical and theological perspectives. Your faith will be deepened and broadened.

Peter & the Keys: A Scriptural Handbook on the Papacy

by Scott Butler, Norman Dahlgren & Rev. David Hess

This voluminous study examines the question of the Papacy in theological, biblical, and historical context, attempting to dispel doubts about the traditional Roman Catholic position by an impressive collection of data and commentary. “The amount of useful and pertinent data in this veritable compendium is simply staggering.” Scott Hahn

Good Pope, Bad Pope

by Mike Aquilina

This is a fascinating book. The popes whose stories you’ll read here were chosen because they reveal how the papacy itself developed. Their lives show us how Christ kept his promise to his bride, the Church…not only in her health but also her sickness. The great popes advance our understanding of Christian doctrine. What about the bad popes? Learn why, even in it’s darkest moments, the story of the papacy is the story of triumph.


To learn what the Church teaches about Mary Look Here