2005 Conference - The Continental ReformationDeep in History

Catholic Response to the Reformation – Bishop Frederick Campbell

Bishop Frederick Campbell, PhD |
April 22, 2016 No Comments

Bishop Frederick Campbell (PhD in history from The Ohio State University) discusses the Catholic response to the corruption in the Catholic Church as it emerged from the Middle Ages. Bishop Campbell particularly focuses on the Council of Trent and its implementation and St. Charles Borromeo’s influence.

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Study Questions:

-What does Bishop Campbell say about the Catholic Church emerging from the Middle Ages?

-What were the four focuses of the Council of Trent?

-Bishop Campbell states that the Protestant Reformation was not actually fought over justification by faith alone, but over whether or not things of a material nature can be made to mediate the presence of the Divine. Does this idea surprise you? Why or why not?

-How was the papacy revitalized after the Catholic (or Counter-) Reformation?

-What were the “freedoms from the State” that were the result of the Protestant Reformation? What effect did they have?

-Did anything in Bishop Campbell’s talk about the Catholic Church’s reformation at the Council of Trent surprise you?


Council of Trent: A council of the Roman Catholic Church that met between 1545 and 1563 at Trent in South Tyrol. Reacting against the Protestants, it reaffirmed traditional Catholic beliefs and formulated the ideals of the Counter- Reformation.


Bishop Frederick Campbell, PhD

The Most Reverend Frederick F. Campbell has served as the 11th Bishop of Columbus since 2005. Among his many community involvements, Bishop Campbell sits on the boards of Ohio Dominican University, Mother Angeline McCrory Manor, The Catholic Foundation, the Kinder Women’s Care Center, and the Pontifical College Josephinum, where he is the Vice Chancellor.

A native of Elmira, New York, Bishop Campbell earned a bachelor’s degree in history and foreign language from Saint Lawrence University, Canton, New York, and obtained a master’s degree and doctorate in history from The Ohio State University. He has taught history at the Pontifical College Josephinum and California State College in San Bernardino. He was ordained a priest of the Archdiocese of Saint Paul and Minneapolis by the Most Reverend John R. Roach in 1980 and a bishop by Archbishop Harry J. Flynn in 1999.