2005 Conference - The Continental ReformationDeep in History

Catholic Response to the Reformation – Bishop Frederick Campbell

April 22, 2016 No Comments

Bishop Frederick Campbell (PhD in history from The Ohio State University) discusses the Catholic response to the corruption in the Catholic Church as it emerged from the Middle Ages. Bishop Campbell particularly focuses on the Council of Trent and its implementation and St. Charles Borromeo’s influence.

Click Here to purchase this talk as an mp3, CD, or DVD.

Click Here to purchase the full set of available talks from the 2009 Deep in History Conference.

Study Questions:

-What does Bishop Campbell say about the Catholic Church emerging from the Middle Ages?

-What were the four focuses of the Council of Trent?

-Bishop Campbell states that the Protestant Reformation was not actually fought over justification by faith alone, but over whether or not things of a material nature can be made to mediate the presence of the Divine. Does this idea surprise you? Why or why not?

-How was the papacy revitalized after the Catholic (or Counter-) Reformation?

-What were the “freedoms from the State” that were the result of the Protestant Reformation? What effect did they have?

-Did anything in Bishop Campbell’s talk about the Catholic Church’s reformation at the Council of Trent surprise you?


Council of Trent: A council of the Roman Catholic Church that met between 1545 and 1563 at Trent in South Tyrol. Reacting against the Protestants, it reaffirmed traditional Catholic beliefs and formulated the ideals of the Counter- Reformation.